When creating a membership site, always offer different plans and pricing tiers to appeal to your different categories of audience. Access to specific types of content is then dependent on the plan selected by a member. Membership fees can be a one-off payment or a repeat subscription. And you can even sell products on your membership site to boost your income.

Bookkeeping is the recording of financial transactions, generally into an accounting system. It’s part of the process of accounting in business. A bookkeeper is tasked with adding transactions like purchases, sales, receipts, and payments by an individual person or business. Because all you need is a computer with an internet connection, being a bookkeeper is a low-stress job you can do from anywhere.
Holly, I love the tips that you give. Apart from just links to proofreading sites, you have given such helpful info about starting our own business too. This is just great! I have been trying my hand at online gigs for quite some time now. I have not had much luck with proofreading sites though. I will try flexjobs and see how it goes. Thank you for this post.
With drop shipping, you’re effectively partnering with a manufacturer or wholesaler to sell their products. This way, you don’t pay upfront costs to buy inventory, aren’t sitting on unsold items taking up expensive warehouse space, and don’t have to deal with shipping the products yourself. You simply create your site, fill it with drop shippable products, and drive in customers, with almost everything else done for you.

Now, I know what you’re thinking. Most of the software and apps you use on a regular basis are made by massive companies or established development studios. Well, yes. But many successful apps, particularly those in the Apple and Google stores, are created and marketed by individuals and small businesses. In fact, independent developers made $20 billion in the App Store in 2016 alone.
It is peculiar that people who use English as the second language pay more attention to grammar. Even if you are super careful, you can still miss some issues which are quite obvious to a native speaker. Writing an essay is a great practice to improve your English. However, your ultimate goal is to get a good grade. If you know how to proofread an essay, you should do it yourself. But it is never bad to double-check with the help of our highly skilled team of proofreaders.
Always look for the best offer, for example you can sell a eBook were you will get a commission, but you would be best to find a offer that has a recurring revenue program built in so you don’t just earn today, you earn for months and years to come. For example the promotion I talked about that I did in Cyprus just over a month ago, I have since earned around $1000 in follow up payments from the recurring revenue program. Another great thing to look out for is up sells, on some promotions I make more money from just the up sells then the course itself. 

I've recently started mturk. I've made just over $200 over the past 5 weeks, with about 2-3 hours a day. The more you do, the more opportunity and "jobs" become available, as some require specific approval ratings. One that I personally enjoy is transcribing audio, which I just became approved to do. Anywhere from $.08 to $.15 for typing 15-30 seconds of audio. Some pay better.

If you're serious about making money online, start a blog. Blogging is one of the easiest and most sustainable income sources. As long as the blog is setup the right way, in the right niche, with the right content targeted at the right audience, and the offer is complementary to the content, you could make a tremendous amount of passive income from a blog.
Sure, there are some options like blogging that can make you a full time living but it takes a lot of hard work and dedication. But the majority of these methods, like surveys, reviewing, money making apps and so on, are not going to help you quite your day job. They are great for earning a little side cash in your free time. There is no need for me to hype things up and tell you otherwise.

Merch by Amazon is another service offered by Amazon that will enable you to make money online without any initial outlay. To get started you need to create an account with Merch by Amazon. Then simply design some T-shirt logos or slogans, and upload them to your Merch account. You will need to choose a T-shirt type, color, and price, and Amazon will create product pages for each T-shirt. When someone makes a purchase, Amazon takes care of production and shipping. And you are paid a royalty for your design.
If you have a background in marketing and a passion for a particular niche, then organizing a virtual event may be just up your street. A virtual event could span across a day or longer. Individual live sessions would be run by experts in the field. And conference features would include live question and answer sessions, forums, and plenty of free giveaways. Visitors to the virtual event would pay to attend, so the more effective your promotion of the event the more money you would make.
You can do a lot of things, like selling old study or work books on eBay. You could look into having a yard sale and sell old toys, shoes, and clothes. You could have a bake sale or lemonade stand, but to make it stand out, add a twist like blackberry mint lemonade or lemon curd sunshine. If you are creative with it, you can attract more customers.
You can also start your own business online. You can sell your old stuff or new products that you have created yourself. With this type of online business, you are likely to put in a lot of effort because you will see first hand the results of your hard work. Your products being online means you get to reach more people than you will if you have a shop situated somewhere. The number of people who own mobile phones alone is a great incentive to start an online business. Most businesses also have an online presence because they know the importance of having online customers.
A. I set aside an hour each morning when my husband is home and takes care of the kids. I answer emails and things all day as I do normal “mom” stuff. I work during nap times. And I usually spend at least 2 hours at night doing work related things after the kids are in bed. My husband is often at work until 10 or so, which makes this very possible for me. However, I think the key is just organizing your schedule and planning on set times to do your work.
If you live in an area where Uber or Lyft operate, why not become a driver? If you're looking to make some short-term cash, you can definitely rake it in by working for one of these popular car-hire apps. As long as your vehicle fits within the specifications of their program, and you have a clean license, you could do this on the side, especially if you're in a crunch for cash.
Build your audience on a course community: If you’re just getting started building an audience for yourself and want to leverage communities already actively looking for content you can choose to host and sell your online course on a site like Skillshare or Udemy. These are easy, cost-effective ways to build an audience and test your niche to see if there’s demand for it.
Multi-vendor marketplaces, like ThemeForest, can be very successful. Chose a niche and create a vendor website for it. Your marketplace could be anything, from a platform for local artists to sell their work on, to an online digital product store. Once set up, invite people in that industry to sell their products on your site. You take a percentage of their profits when items sell.
Français: se faire de l'argent en ligne, Italiano: Guadagnare Online, Español: ganar dinero en Internet, Português: Ganhar Dinheiro Online, Deutsch: Online Geld verdienen, Русский: заработать в интернете, 中文: 在网上赚钱, Bahasa Indonesia: Menghasilkan Uang Secara Online, Čeština: Jak vydělávat peníze online, Nederlands: Online geld verdienen, العربية: كسب المال بواسطة العمل عبر الإنترنت, Tiếng Việt: Kiếm tiền Trực tuyến, हिन्दी: ऑनलाइन पैसे कमाएँ, 한국어: 온라인으로 돈 버는 법, ไทย: หาเงินออนไลน์, Türkçe: İnternet'ten Nasıl Para Kazanılır, 日本語: オンライン上でお金を稼ぐ

There have been times when I have been too scared to email my list for fear of ticking them off and unsubscribing, or fear of someone hitting the spam button, and even fear of that wonderful comment some people leave when they unsubscribe. It’s sort of a mental game…..there are always people who will unsubscribe and even people who won’t like you or your products.
The times I have invested vary greatly, from one or two hours a day to well over 12 hours a day. I average somewhere around $6.25 an hour (admittedly never giving it 100% attention), but to me that is better than making nothing an hour. While it may seem excessive some days, I actually enjoy making money and I do some of it while I am at my day job, so it has become more of a time filler than actual work. Everyone will have their own experience but these are what have worked the best for me, either in time investment or having a little fun along the way. 

If you are a budding photographer and would like to be paid for your craft then you should consider setting up your own photography website. This is a great way to not only promote your services as a photographer, but also to sell your images. You can charge visitors a fee to download your images. Or, if you’d rather, turn your site into a paid membership site, with free downloads of all images for paying subscribers.

As we all know that money doesn’t grow on trees , earning money online is not so easy as you think. There are several methods to earn some bucks online . Ou might already have googled so many other sites and articles. Well here this guide is to make online earning simple and effective as possible . The methods listed below are 100% legit and I’m using it right now.
We are a private, non-profit art museum dedicated to the work of Salvador Dali and artists of similar vision. We are in urgent need of an experienced grant writer for a 10 million dollar grant. There is a tight timeframe (mid-January), and the grant is somewhat complex. This person would be working with the support of the Director, the COO and the Finance Director.
Redbubble ($60): My store. After getting rejected by merch by Amazon, I came here. You design and publish t-shirts, clocks, mugs, phone cases, and about 20 other mixed products, with each sell netting you a few bucks. They are based in Australia, and do pay-outs once a month on the 15th via PayPal. I have only been at this one for about two months, but see the potential it has. It also takes a good amount of upfront work before you see any dividends. You do all of the uploading and just wait for people to find it with keywords or searches. Great if you are artistic or know how to use any creative software. www.redbubble.com
Do you constantly come up with witty one-liners? Do you dream of the days of Mad Men-style advertising? If you’ve got some branding chops or just come up with imaginative copy, there are lots of opportunities to make money online through company naming and slogan contests. If you think you have a knack for names check out namingforce.com and squadhelp.com. If you dream of coming up with witty copy, try coming up with company slogans on Slogan Slingers and Get a Slogan.
If you have a social media account, try out Klout. The company tracks your social media usage, determines how big and what type of audience you draw based on the subject matter of your updates and posts. Using this information, you’re qualified to receive free items, tickets, etc. Check their website often to find ways of earning free stuff by doing what you’re already doing online…boring the rest of us…
Chances are you have already heard about affiliate marketing, but if you haven’t then I will tell you. It is helping to sell products which are not yours and getting paid a commission for it. The way to go about this is building a website or blog to market these products or using advertising sites to market them. I will advise you to get your own blog to do this since it’s more effective this way. You can sell anything on your blog but you need to focus on products that have a wide appeal. Your main aim is to make money but if you start promoting shoddy goods, it will end affecting your website in the long run. You can purchase some of these products yourself so that you are very confident in marketing them. There are a lot of affiliates you can join. I will just mention a few. Amazon affiliates is quite easy to join even if you are a new blogger, others will access your traffic before. You can consider, ShareASale, ClickBank and CJ affiliates because they are already well known.
Thanks a lot for posting that list. I have proofreading and experience so I was looking forward to some websites to find online work. I have tried on Upwork, and have found many jobs but I am stil waiting for their response. So in meanwhile I wanted to look out for more websites, and I am going to search some from your list. I hope it works. Thanks!
Creating a jobs board website can be another profitable venture. The ‘jobs’ field can be quite saturated, so it is important to find a niche that is still crying out for a jobs board website. Monetize this type of site by charging businesses to list their jobs on your site. Those searching for jobs could also be charged a fee to access the higher paying job adverts.
No matter what method you select for generating your online income, there's one very important thing to understand. Today, across this globe, with its 7+ billion inhabitants, there are two recurring things that people are looking for more of. Either people want more time or they want more money. The truth? Time is far more valuable than money. You can't recreate time. Once it's spent, it's gone forever. Not money.
So let’s get this show on the road. First, we need to clearly distinguish the proofreading jobs work from home and editing. Do you know the difference between the two? It’s simple. Proofreading is like an icing on the cake. It is the final touch before an academic paper is ready for submitting. Many students give their papers to professionals for proofreading to perfect the result, especially if they are running out of time with respect to strict university deadlines.
Better yet, you can even upload your own book to one of the world’s largest book sellers: Amazon. With Amazon self-publishing, you set the price, retain the rights to your book, and get access to Amazon’s massive audience. For every sale, you keep 70% with Amazon taking the remainder as a fee. If you want to get started, check out Leslie Samuel's great guide to selling eBooks online or follow Tara Gentile on CreativeLive as she shows you how to use your existing body of work to write an eBook within the next week. Who knows, you might just write one of the best business books of this year!

The next best way to earn money online is by promoting and selling others product or services from your site. There are lot of Affiliate Programs around in internet. You get paid commissions when someone buys or uses the products or services from your affiliate link. There are the lot of affiliate network and you can join them and make money from the affiliate program. it depends on traffic and number of sales that you made. This is also the same thing as offline shopping just think you the agent and your selling goods online. People are making $500 – $1000’s in day month or year


If you’re an experienced nanny or babysitter, Care.com is the place you want to make money. By listing yourself on the Craigslist of Childcare, you’ll broaden your reach and increase your odds of finding the right gig at the right time. You can be pickier with what kids you watch when you have the reputation and traffic to pull in more customers. Join Care.com and start making money by investing in the future of our youth.


While budget-conscious writers are happy to use free grammar checking tools to make corrections, these free services will not fix every problem. Proofreaders like you can be the missing ingredient that makes their work look immaculate and professional. And the best part about proofreading is that you can do it from home, on the road, and, you can finally put your “eagle eyes” to good use!
Yep. I'm working on transitioning out of working online and am very eager to no longer depend on it at all. If you look at the resources linked in the right panel, the vast majority of those opportunities no longer exist. Working low-skill internet jobs with low barriers to entry used to be an introvert's paradise. Nowadays, there are very few jobs outside of remote customer service positions that provide reliable, consistent income.
Ebay is a bellwether. It's been around since nearly the start of the online boom. But, like any other platform, success can seem fleeting if you don't know what you're doing. Selling items on eBay, professionally that is, can be an art form. Getting people interested in your auctions isn't always easy, especially when there's hefty competition and low demand for what you're selling.
In 2017, there were almost 90 million pet dogs in the US. Which has opened up a huge opportunity to make money online as a dog watcher or sitter. Specialized sites like Rover or Care.com connect pet owners with pet walkers, sitters, and boarding houses to help look after their best friends when they’re at work or on a trip. If you’re an animal lover, you can make extra money and get to spend some quality time with a furry friend.
Others pointed out that you can make money by posting your own product to specific subreddits that are related to your product. While this is not wrong, I would be careful about that. Reddit has pretty tough guidelines regarding spam, and if you create an account that only posts links to your own product, you might not only be downvoted, but also banned.

This isn’t to scare you off. I simply want you to know that this guide is going to focus solely on ways to make real, sustainable extra income online. Not just a few bucks. I want to share all the mistakes I've made that got me to where I am now so that you don’t have to go through them, and can build a successful online source of income for yourself.
Thanks for stopping by! Some clients leave gigs posted for 30+ days before they start responding to proposals. When it comes to freelancing sites, like Upwork, I’ve found that getting the first gig is not always easy. The key is to stick with it! You may want to try changing up your proposal, if you haven’t already, to see if that makes any difference in the responses you receive from clients. Otherwise, I’d give it another couple of weeks. Also, make sure your profiles are complete and you have relevant work samples as well as taken some tests to demonstrate your skills — it can go a long way in helping you get that first gig!
2. InboxDollars – InboxDollars is similar to Swagbucks, since you’re going to be taking surveys, shopping, etc., so if you want to maximize your return, sign up with both websites. They also offer a search engine that pays you (like Swagbucks) and you get $5 just for signing up.  I won’t continue to list survey sites one after another down the list, but if you want to get paid to take surveys, also check out GlobalTestMarket, E-Poll Surveys and Survey Club.
Be ready for the challenges. Blogging about your favorite topics can be a profitable career, allowing you to work from nearly anywhere in the world. However, you should be aware that not every blog is going to be an instant success. Creating a popular blog will take time, effort and dedication. Being aware of what it takes to start a successful blog can help you find success.[1][2]
Cashcrate is my favorite site and the one that I’ve received the most checks from. I’ve been doing it for about a year now and honestly have never had a problem with it.You earn money by doing free offers, surveys, watching ads, shopping online, participating in live contests and referring your friends and family members to the site.Cashcrate is one of the most popular GPT sites having 990,000+ members.I have made close to $3000 using this great Get Paid To Site. The amazing part is I’ve spent only about 6 hours a week on this site and I’ve earned $300 in 1 month! I can’t urge you enough to try it out for yourself.
There are numerous printing companies that will print your designs onto not just T-shirts, but also hoodies, hats, posters, cushions, bags, and phone cases, to name a few items. These businesses also offer fulfillment services. This means that you promote the merchandise on your own site and once you sell a product the printing company will not only print your design but also send the item directly to the buyer. So all you have to do is concentrate on the marketing and selling of your products, and the fulfillment company will take care of the rest.
Know how to contact the site. The method that you use to inquire about writing for another site will vary, depending on that site's own requirements. If you don't use the right method, you may have a tough time getting selected to write for that blog. Take a look at the site or blog that you want to write for and learn how you should submit your proposal:
We are looking for assistance producing a number of technical videos for a software product training site. You will work alongside the technical team in Portland, OR - all the resources you need will be available here. We will record the raw videos together - you will edit and produce the final result. You will also be writing text to support the videos, all in close collaboration with the technical team. less more
CashCrate sends out literally thousands of payments a month to users just like you who spend time completing surveys and offers on CashCrate.com. How do they do it? Well, they do surveys and offers regularly. It really adds up! Your initial goal should be to meet minimum payout, which is $20.00. Making $20.00 in free cash is actually quite easy considering there are hundreds of surveys and offers available, but here are a few tips to get you to your goal faster:
Create a writer website or blog. A website not only demonstrates your technical ability, but it also creates an online hub that allows clients to connect to you. Keep the design of your website clean and uncluttered. Include examples of your work that demonstrate the kind of writing you do. Make the samples easy to find and to read, and make it easy for visitors to figure out how to contact you.[23] . A blog highlights your technical ability and showcases your ability to write blog posts. Your blog can be about different topics than those you write about for your clients. In fact, it should be on a topic that interests you. Visitors will see that you can not only write, but you can also build an online community. A good blog has the potential to earn you many referrals for more clients.[24]
Redbubble ($60): My store. After getting rejected by merch by Amazon, I came here. You design and publish t-shirts, clocks, mugs, phone cases, and about 20 other mixed products, with each sell netting you a few bucks. They are based in Australia, and do pay-outs once a month on the 15th via PayPal. I have only been at this one for about two months, but see the potential it has. It also takes a good amount of upfront work before you see any dividends. You do all of the uploading and just wait for people to find it with keywords or searches. Great if you are artistic or know how to use any creative software. www.redbubble.com
I have the links on the Facebook page, I don't have them handy as I am at work and just hop on Reddit once every couple hours.. If you Google the company names you can find the companies pretty easily.. also i included the sites for a few of the things above. For the major companies, Google them, go to their career page, and when searching for a job you search terms like "work from home," "remote," and "telecommute." I may be able to send you a few links tomorrow, but I am slammed after work today as well.
Now, it’s time to start creating and uploading content. Make sure you’re using a high-enough quality camera (most smartphones will work but I’d suggest at least having a tripod so your footage isn’t shaky), but don’t worry about being perfect at first. The beauty of YouTube is that you can continue to test out different content and styles as you find what works for you. Instead, stick to a regular schedule to build up your subscriber base.

How many email newsletters are you bombarded with every single day? There’s a reason for that. Marketing to an actively interested group of email subscribers is one of the best ways to make money online. There have even been million-dollar businesses built from simple email newsletters like TheSkimm, or Mister Spoils. Each newsletter targets a specific type of user with interesting, daily content, while also partnering with relevant companies and affiliates to bring in extra money. If this seems daunting, it’s not. Tools like MailChimp, ConvertKit and AWeber make it easier than ever to get started with email marketing. And another great option to consider (with the largest free plan available) is SendPulse, with their ability to send up to 15,000 emails per month to 2,500 subscribers, and then affordable plans starting at under $10/month as you grow from there.
-EDIT- The apps were TapTapSee and CamFind. When I was doing the tagging, the company was under "Image Searcher Inc." which seems to have turned into "CloudSight". The job was posted on craigslist a couple years back. Basically you would log in to their website (tagpics.net) and receive images people took for identification, you would have a few seconds to come up with a detailed description of what the photo was of. You were allowed to cash out once you got over $80. I have no idea how they do things now. Searching the apps brought me to their website, with a description that makes it seem like it may be automated now? I'm honestly not sure. This was late 2013 and early 2014 when I did it. If anyone has any luck, let me know. All I have are a few old emails from them. Sorry I couldn't be more help.
In the USA, once you earn $400 of self employment you're required to file taxes. If you earn $600 or more with any individual site in a year, you should receive a 1099 from them. Even if you don't make $600 or don't get the form, you're still supposed to report any amount you earn. This doesn't matter if it's PayPal, Bitcoin, Gift Cards or physical items. It is all considered income because you are earning it in exchange for a service.
It’s not always easy to deliver the so-called train of thought in a clear and concise way when it comes to writing an academic essay, an article or a research paper. This is exactly the reason why professional editors are becoming so popular among modern students. It is most likely, that they would give a valuable and individual advice that helps gain A+ grade without having to order writing the whole paper. While students do all the research, outlining and writing for themselves, they have an opportunity to perfect their own work by consulting with an editor like you. Applying for essay editing jobs won’t take up much time and when you are just starting with it, you can easily combine it with your day job, parenting, or writing a dissertation of your own. If you are a subject matter expert in some preferred field of study, this kind of support will even bring you more rewards because you can look at the context of what is written and suggest some reasonable research tips, evidence examples, as well as the best argument ideas.
As someone who's been immersed in a number of online industries for quite some time, I know a thing or two about what it takes to succeed in this arena. However, just like you, I started at ground zero with little knowledge, but a great deal of passion. What I learned along the way were some invaluable lessons from failure that hurt at the time, but helped immensely in the grand scheme of things. 

A.  I got my degree in English and Editing. About one month after I graduated I had my first son. We decided I would be a stay at home mom so I could nurse him and we wouldn’t have to pay for childcare. But with only one kid I was frequently finding myself wondering what I should do. I had been in school full time and working full time before baby, so during his long naps I was bored. I laugh now because I never have a free moment, but at the time, I needed something to do. So I started looking for freelance work.

Hey everyone. I posted a few weeks back detailing how I am making upwards of $1,000 a month through the use of beermoney sites. Beermoney is, according to Urban Dictionary, "Extra money for non-essential payments, available for spending on luxuries, hobbies, or a fresh pint of your favorite draft." I use this definition, because this is (in most cases) not intended to be a primary source of income. This is a way to supplement what you already have. There is no way to know what you will make any given month, so do not count on it. My worst month I only made around $500 and my best I made over $2,000.
Posting ads on Craigslist is technically easy, but people often have fears about posting their personal information on the site. I communicate mostly through email when doing business on Craigslist, and I’ve never run into any issues. I’ve never been ripped off, nor have I been murdered or raped for using the site. It takes common sense, so use your best judgment, but don’t assume someone is a thief just because of their preferred communication method. For an extra bonus, google “funny Craigslist ads” to see some delightful examples of guerilla and grassroots marketing.
If you are a creative type, then you could make money online by designing and selling crafty products on Etsy. Etsy sells a range of beautiful and original items from independent suppliers. Categories range from jewelry, clothes, and accessories, to art, collectibles, and vintage. So if you have some stunning crafty creations, Etsy is the perfect platform from which to sell from.
I have the links on the Facebook page, I don't have them handy as I am at work and just hop on Reddit once every couple hours.. If you Google the company names you can find the companies pretty easily.. also i included the sites for a few of the things above. For the major companies, Google them, go to their career page, and when searching for a job you search terms like "work from home," "remote," and "telecommute." I may be able to send you a few links tomorrow, but I am slammed after work today as well.
Tutor students. Many families prefer the flexibility of using an online tutor. Depending on your background, you could be simply helping a child with homework or providing college-level support. You need to have your own computer and high speed internet. Experience required differs among companies. Some require “strong experience,” while others require a specific educational background. However, most companies do require a college degree.
25. Products – You can create your own product, such as an ebook or computer software. You would then use your blog as a promotion tool to get people to buy your product. As long as you create a legitimate product with a whole lot of value, you should be able to get some buyers, but like everything else with a blog, you’ll need the traffic to get the sells.
Shepper says users are fully insured, and it takes precautions to ensure your safety, including reviewing every booking that it receives. It may be worth taking extra steps too, such as telling a friend or family member where you'll be and arranging to contact them after you finish the job. Remember to trust your instincts – if you feel uncomfortable with any job, simply leave. 
Task 2: Find three credible website sources with information about your topic. Create a document and save the website addresses for those sites in the document. For each source, explain why it is credible. Task 3: Prepare a chart showing three ideas for the Yes argument and three ideas for the No argument. Task 4: Choose the side you want to argue on, and write the rough draft of a five-paragrap...
Let’s imagine that you have already applied for a vacancy of a writer editor job from home and you’ve got your first assignment to work with. Deep down you are nervous of this first task at your new job, even though you know that you have nailed lots of academic papers yourself. First off, take a few deep breaths and prepare for an attentive, but extremely interesting job. This section will briefly guide you through the most common editing process to let you know what to expect from this work so you can have a final assessment of whether this is the right freelance opportunity for you. If you want to know how to become a freelance proofreader, you can also continue reading, because as we already know from the information above, every editing process necessarily contains the proofreading stage. 

If you have a fondness and talent for taking pictures you can make extra money online by becoming a stock photographer and selling your images to a stock photo company like ShutterStock or iStockPhoto. You’ll get royalties every time someone licenses an image you’ve submitted. To really be successful, build your own photography website to be able to showcase your portfolio and start getting higher-paid private corporate work.
Infographics are currently an extremely popular type of media. An infographic showing information or data in an interesting and fun way can help engage an audience and generate numerous likes and shares. As infographics take more time to create than just simply uploading an image, busy website owners are prepared to pay for custom infographics. And don’t worry, an infographic can be created using simple design software such a Canva. So extensive graphic design skills are not necessary, just a creative eye.
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